Internet Browsers

 A wide network of computers and is open for all to communicate and share information. 
 . A software program used to access internet and view web pages in computer.
 . Translates code that websites are written in into text, graphics etc what we see.
 . First Web Browser was WorldWideWeb, later changed name to Nexus.
 . Created by Tim Berner's Lee in 1990.

Popular Internet Browsers today:

 . Google Chrome
 . Mozilla FireFox
 . Opera
 . Microsoft Edge ( formerly Internet Explorer)
 . UC Browser
 . Apple Safari
 . Vivaldi

1. Google Chrome:

 . Developed by Google in 2008.
 . Runs on Windows, Linux, macOS, iOS, Android.
 . 63% world wide usage according to StatsCounter.


 . Loads web pages faster.
 . Looks simple.
 Good security features.
 . Tab browsing is flexible.
 . Large number of Extensions and Add-ons (11,500).
 . Built-in Translation application.
 . Incognito mode opens up a new window which doesn't leave any trace(cookies, tracking, history etc).
 . Task Manager allows tracking of programs or extensions, can examine memory usage.
 . Thumbnail view of most visited pages.
 . Links with Google Account.


 . Minor site incompatibility.
 . Google always watches you, no privacy!
 . Takes lot of RAM memory while running it.
 . Cannot customize like FireFox.

2. Mozilla FireFox:

 . Developed by Mozilla Foundation in 2004.
 . Runs on Windows, macOS, Linux, Andrioid, iOS.
 . 15% world wide usage as per StatsCounter.


 . Offers number of helpful extensions.
 . Focuses on simplicity.
 . Screenshot facility.
 . Sessions can be restored.
 . Security features are automatically embedded into it.
 . Allows private window.
 . Tabbed browsing is available.


 . Consumes lot of computer's memory.
 . Doesn't automatically resume downloads.
 . Delays in page loading for heavy pages.
 . Not every website is compatible with this browser.
 . No automatic updates for plugins.

3. Opera:

 . Developed by Opera Software AS, first version released in 1996 for Windows only.
 . Later in 2000, Opera 4.0 version supported for multiple platforms.
 . Used Blink layout engine.
 . 8.4% world wide usage as per StatsCounter.


 . Opera Browser is light weight.
 . Mouse gestures.
 . Tabbed browsing.
 . Access to Facebook Messenger, Whatsapp, Telegram quickly.
 . Fast web page downloading.
 . Contains thumbnails of each current tab.


 . Few users.
 . Most of websites are incompatible.
 . Fewer extensions and themes.
 . Not customizable as FireFox.
 . No progress bar for loading websites.

4. Microsoft Edge:

 . With the launch of Windows 10, comes Edge, a built-in browser for Windows.
 . It replaced Internet Explorer which was default browser.
 . 15.5% world wide usage as per StatsCounter.


 . Good functionality.
 . No need to download and install in Windows since it is by default.
 . Offers private browsing.
 . Offers Microsoft help support.


 . Only for Windows.
 . Takes longer time to load full pages and navigate between sites.
 . Many bug issues.
 . Lack of features to synchronize bookmarks.
 . Fewer Add-ons and extensions.
 . Doesn't have great security features.

5. UC Browser:

 . Stands for Universal Control Browser.
 . Developed by Chinese Mobile Internet company UC Web in 2004.
 . Popular for Android Mobile version.
 . Available on Windows, Windows Phone, Blackberry OS, iOS, Android, Java ME, Symbian.


 . Loads web content faster.
 . Uses cloud acceleration, data compression technology.
 . Has a 'fast download feature' to download fast.
 . Screenshot tool.
 . Extensions like Chrome.
 . Can switch search engines.
 . Large user base browser in Android.


 . Has privacy issues.
 . Uses outdated cipher cryptography which has many security flaws.
 . Leaks user's personal data, not at all secure.
 . Alleged that it has been sending user's data to Chinese servers and retains control over user's device DNS even after browser is deleted.

6. Vivaldi:

 . Founded by Opera Technologies.
 . Launched in 2016.
 . Available for Windows, Mac, Linux.


 . Fast loading.
 . Tab stacking.
 . Note taking.
 . Quick commands.
 . Mouse gestures.
 . Side-by-Side browsing.
 . Can use all Chrome extensions.


 . Takes a lot of memory.
 . Has lot of bugs.
 . No mobile versions.
 . Sync is not implemented.
 . Address bar is not autocomplete.