Image Formats

   . Used for organizing or storing digital images.
   . There are many image file formats which can be identified by their extensions.
   . Example: .jpeg , .png , .bmp 
   . Stores data in either compressed or uncompressed formats.

JPEG/JPG Format:

   . Stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group.
   . Image is compressed and information is lost.
   . File size is small.
   . Can support 16 million colors.
   . Suitable for web images.

PNG Format:

   . Stands for Portable Network Graphic.
   . Image is compressed without losing information.
   . Bigger file size.
   . It also supports 16 million colors and these format images are suitable for web uploading.

BMP Format:

   . Stands for BitMap.
   . Developed by Microsoft for Windows.
   . No compression and no loss of information.
   . File size is larger.
   . Best suitable for editing images in future because image is of high quality.

GIF Format:

  . Stands for Graphics Interchange Format.
  . Supports lossless compression.
  . Limited to 256 colors.
  . Supports animation.
  . Suitable for graphics with less colors like diagrams, shapes, logos  etc.

TIF/TIFF Format:

   . Stands for Tagged Image File Format.
   . Images are with high quality.
   . No compression or loss of information.
   . Suitable for prints, publications etc.


   . Stands for Portable Document Format.
   . Useful for documents, brouchers etc.
   . Created using Adobe Acrobat.
   . To download file in pdf format, we need to have Adobe Reader.


   . Stands for Encapsulated PostScript.
   . It uses vector information. 
   . No compression or loss of data.
   . Suitable for vector artwork, illustrations.

Raw Image Formats (.raw , .cr2 , .nef etc ):

   . Generated by digital cameras.
   . Contains uncompressed, raw image data.
   . Equivalent to digital negatives.
   . It needs to be processed in editors.
   . Suits for photography.